Human molecular genetics, vol. 30(1), 2021, pp. 30-45
Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy
Drexel University College of Medicine
2900 W. Queen Lane, Room186
Liu, X., Blazejewski, S. M., Bennison, S. A., & Toyo-oka, K. (2021). Glutathione S-transferase Pi (Gstp) Proteins Regulate Neuritogenesis in the Developing Cerebral Cortex. Human Molecular Genetics, 30(1), 30–45.
Liu, Xiaonan, Sara M. Blazejewski, Sarah A. Bennison, and K. Toyo-oka. “Glutathione S-Transferase Pi (Gstp) Proteins Regulate Neuritogenesis in the Developing Cerebral Cortex.” Human molecular genetics 30, no. 1 (2021): 30–45.
Liu, Xiaonan, et al. “Glutathione S-Transferase Pi (Gstp) Proteins Regulate Neuritogenesis in the Developing Cerebral Cortex.” Human Molecular Genetics, vol. 30, no. 1, 2021, pp. 30–45.
GSTP proteins are metabolic enzymes involved in removal of oxidative stress and intracellular signaling and also have inhibitory effects on JNK activity. However, the functions of Gstp proteins in the developing brain are unknown. In mice, there are three Gstp proteins, Gstp1, 2 and 3, while there is only one GSTP in humans. By RT-PCR analysis, we found that Gstp1 was expressed beginning at E15.5 in the cortex, but Gstp2 and 3 started expressing at E18.5. Gstp 1 and 2 knockdown caused decreased neurite number in cortical neurons, implicating them in neurite initiation. Using in utero electroporation to knockdown Gstp1 and 2 in layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons in vivo, we found abnormal swelling of the apical dendrite at P3 and reduced neurite number at P15. Using time-lapse live imaging, we found that the apical dendrite orientation was skewed compared to the control. We explored the molecular mechanism and found that JNK inhibition rescued reduced neurite number caused by Gstp knockdown, indicating that Gstp regulates neurite formation through JNK signaling. Thus, we found novel functions of Gstp proteins in neurite initiation during cortical development. These findings not only provide novel functions of Gstp proteins in neuritogenesis during cortical development but also help us to understand the complexity of neurite formation.